U.S. Shifts LNG Exports to Asia as Arb Opens Up
The biggest divergence between U.S. and Asian gas prices in a year has created an opportunity for tankers delivering liquefied natural gas, with most departures from a key Louisiana terminal in the last month-and-a-half heading toward East Asia, shipping data released on Wednesday show.
The facility, Sabine Pass, owned by Cheniere Energy Inc , opened last year as the first LNG export terminal in the U.S. Lower 48 states. The United States has been exporting gas out of Alaska since 1969.
U.S. gas prices at the Henry Hub benchmark in Louisiana this week dropped about 20 percent since hitting a two-year high on Dec. 28, trading around $3.25 per million British thermal units (mmBtu) on Wednesday.
Spot gas in Asia has soared by more than 30 percent since early December to a near two-year high of $9.75 per mmBtu.
The premium of Asia over U.S. gas has reached its highest level since January 2015, presenting an arbitrage opportunity that LNG traders have rushed to fill.
“China is experiencing colder-than-normal conditions, demand has kicked higher and prices have followed,” said Matt Smith, director of commodity research at energy data provider ClipperData in Louisville, Kentucky.
In addition, China is looking to avoid previous gas shortages that the country has experienced in the past, Smith said.
Of the 17 LNG vessels that left Sabine Pass in Louisiana since the start of December, at least 10 have either delivered their cargoes in East Asia or were moving in that direction across the Pacific Ocean, data from Reuters and ClipperData show.
Those 10 ships have the capacity to carry about 33.2 billion cubic feet (bcf) of gas, worth about $120.6 million, based on the Henry Hub average. The United States consumes about 75 bcf per day (bcfd) of gas on average.
Those 10 included the first shipments from Sabine to both Japan and South Korea.
Royal Dutch Shell Plc’s BG Group has the contract for the part of the capacity for parts of the first and second 0.65-bcfd liquefaction trains at Sabine Pass. Gas Natural Fenosa also has a contract for part of the capacity of the second train.
Since February, 61 vessels have taken cargos from Sabine, but just three vessels delivered LNG to East Asia between February and the end of November. Another 27 went to either South America or Mexico and five to India; the rest were scattered around the Middle East and Europe.