NGS’ NG/LNG SNAPSHOT – September 1–15, 2022
City Gas Distribution & Auto LPG
Mega investments in biogas plants hint at a new shift in the energy sector
India currently hosts Asia’s largest biogas plant at Sangrur in Punjab, while many small and medium-scale plants also exist and produce bio-CNG for vehicles and other uses. Big corporates are also now expected to invest crores in the biogas business. It is also expected to reduce the cost of imports of natural gas.
The infrastructure for gas is readily available in India. Financial assistance and strict waste segregation and management rules could help the industry grow and meet the energy demands of the country, according to the experts.
Punjab government announced that it has started the commercial production of biogas from a plant at Bhuttan Kalan, a village in the Sangrur district. It is said to be Asia’s largest biogas plant with an estimated production capacity of 33.23 tonnes per day. Earlier this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated one of India’s biggest bio-CNG plants at Indore in Madhya Pradesh, named Gobar-Dhan, which is capable of processing 550 tonnes of waste and producing 17,000 kilograms of bio-CNG everyday.
Apart from all the state-specific investments, Reliance Industries and Adani New Industries Limited (ANIL) have also planned to invest 500-600 crore rupees each in the sector, according to media reports. The government’s push with the policies and schemes seem to have given the sector an impetus. However, the sector also has its own inherent challenges.
Although the current contribution of biogas is not very significant in India’s clean energy mix, the future seems to be promising. According to estimates from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), with the treatment of municipal waste in India, the country has the potential to generate 1.5 Metric Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA) of biogas.
In terms of policy thrust, the central government claims that through several schemes and policies it is aiding the growth of biogas production in the state. The MoPNG in 2018 started the SATAT which aimed at producing CBG from various biomass sources. Under the programme, the oil marketing companies like IOCL and others tie up with producers to assure them of its procurement and distribute it through their vast network in the country. The programme aims to have 5,000 biogas plants by 2023 but till now only 35 such plants have been commissioned under the scheme.
CNG to be produced from domestic waste, LMC start the project in UP
The Lucknow Municipal Corporation (LMC) has begun the exercise of finding out a company for the disposal of domestic waste in the city. The corporation would assign this task to the company that would also produce CNG from it.
The municipal body has floated tenders in this regard and invited domestic as well as overseas companies for this work. The company producing CNG from waste would provide it to the municipal corporation at Rs 5 per KG cheaper than the market price.
It may be mentioned that at present a firm Eco Green has been engaged by the LMC for the disposal of domestic garbage. While the company has failed to dispose of the waste, the plant made by the LMC for garbage treatment has piles of it. Now the municipal body has started the exercise of finding out a new company for it and sought expression of interest (EOI) from the companies.
The Lucknow municipal commissioner said that a proposal to produce CNG from domestic waste has been prepared and offers are being invited from companies for it. The companies would have to set up plants and other equipment at their expense and the municipal corporation will provide land only. He made it clear that there would be no investment from the LMC in this system and the company entrusted with the job will do it on its own.
As per the conditions laid down in the tender document, the municipal corporation would provide the selected company with 300 tons of garbage daily. This would be domestic waste lifted every day by the corporation. The LMC after making a door-to-door collection of garbage would sort it out and provide it to the company producing CNG. The LMC officials hoped that they might provide 300 tons of garbage to the CNG-producing company from the hotels and vegetable markets only. According to them, 20000 KG of CNG would be produced daily from 300 tons of garbage.
India doesn’t have to import LNG & CNG, focus on development from biomass – Sh. Gadkari
India is capable of meeting its demand for cleaner fossil fuel alternatives such as LNG and compressed natural gas (CNG) through focus on processing and investing in biomass, Sh. Nitin Gadkari
He further added, India has to import a large amount of crude oil from overseas, which is one of the reasons why Indian economy is facing pressures. LNG is a fuel for the future, being cost-effective and having economic viability. Government is investing in projects where LNG and CNG can be produced from biomass, with two projects already underway in Pune and Yavatmal. Within two years, we can have 200 projects of bio LNG and bio CNG.
He emphasised that India don’t need to import them, if we make them from biomass. For example, nine tonnes of cotton straw produces one tonne of bio-CNG.
IOCL to bring bio-CNG to Kanpur Dehat by year end
IOCL signed an MoU with AA Bioenergy On Wednesday, August 31, to buy 2.4 tonnes of CBG per day for consumption in Kanpur Dehat. Amid rising prices of CNG, Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) is working on alternative cheaper and cleaner bio-CNG, also known as CBG (Compressed BioGas) in Kanpur and Kannauj by year-end.
Another firm, Bhadauria Natural Gas and Products based in Kannauj is set to launch CBG production by December end too.
Executive director and state head of UPSO-1 IOCL, Sh. Sanjiv Kakkar stated here that the upcoming plant in Kanpur Dehat would be one of its kind and the first in Uttar Pradesh to be producing CBG primarily from agricultural waste, fruits & vegetable waste of mandis, napier grass, dairy waste, and cow dung. Futher he added that IOCL retail outlets will sell CBG under the brand name of ‘IndiGreen’.” Sh Sarvjeet Singh also said that the biggest benefits of CBG is that it’s clean and cheap and will reduce dependency on imports of CNG.
Lukewarm response to piped natural gas switchover by Faridabad factories
The response to adopting the piped natural gas (PNG) as the main fuel by industrial and commercial units here has been poor, as only a handful of the units have switched over to cleaner energy, required for the compliance of the air quality management in the National Capital Region (NCR).
A little above 2% of the units have gone for the PNG connection so far in this industrial hub. As the graded response action plan (GRAP) is set to come into force from October 01, under which the diesel-operated gen-sets will get banned, not many have got switched over or have applied for gas.
The rising cost of gas has been a hurdle. The move is impractical and an economic disaster. Shifting to PNG is difficult unless supported financially or heavily subsidised. The govt should set up a power plant to ensure round-the-clock supply during the winters.
With a total of around 450 PNG connections in the industry sector, only 50 units have got or applied for gas supply for generators till date. The city has over 25,000 industrial and commercial units. The units shall completely switch over to the PNG or biomass fuels, latest by September 30, 2022, for industries in areas in the NCR where the PNG supply is available and by December 31, 2022, for industries in areas where supply is not available. Further, the industries shall be closed down and not permitted to operate in case of non-compliance.
Sh. Rajiv Chawla, chairman, Integrated Association of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises of India (IAMSME), has demanded the notification of the subsidy scheme for conversion. 50% subsidy in cost and 50% cut in the GST is the need of the hour
Policy Matters/ Gas Pricing/ Others
Govt sets up Sh. Kirit Parikh committee to moderate gas prices
The government has set up a panel to review the formula that dictates the pricing of gas produced by companies such as ONGC and Reliance as it looks to moderate the steep increase that producers would have otherwise got.
According to an order of the oil ministry, the committee under former Planning Commission member Sh. Kirit S Parikh will suggest a “fair price to the end consumer. The panel, which will include representatives of the gas producers association as also producers ONGC and OIL, has been asked to submit its report by the month-end.
The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has set up a committee under noted energy expert Kirit Parikh to review the current gas pricing formula, Though the committee has been asked to submit the report by the end of this month, its inputs won’t be used for the next six monthly revision of the gas prices for the October 2022-March 2023 period.
It also has a member from private city gas operators, state gas utility GAIL, a representative of Indian Oil Corporation and a member from the fertiliser ministry, the order said.
The government had in 2014 used prices in gas surplus countries to arrive at a formula for locally produced gas. The rates according to this formula were subdued and at times lower than the cost of production till March 2022 but rose sharply thereafter, reflecting the surge in global rates in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The prices, which are payable to Reliance and ONGC, are due for revision on October 1.
Natural gas prices may double in October this year
As natural gas in India are set to cost almost double from next month, the government has kicked off a review of the pricing formula for the locally produced fuel to ensure fair price to end-consumers.
The domestic gas prices have increased by over three times from $1.8 a million metric British thermal unit in the first half of FY22 to $6.1 an mmBtuat present. This is expected to increase to $10.5-11/mmBtu from Oct. 1, 2022.
The availability of long-term LNG contracts will be a major concern for India, as European buyers would crowd the market to reduce dependence on Russian gas.
This would mean government may reconsider the current pricing formula and change the reference prices, as the world is seeing a tectonic realignment of demand and supply.
India has been a price-sensitive market for spot LNG. Hence, LNG at more than $20 an mmBtu will lead to few takers.
Electric Mobility/ Hydrogen/ Bio- Methane
Delhi Govt launches open database for EV charging
Delhi government on Tuesday, September 13, launched an Open Database Facility for EV (electric vehicle) charging and battery swapping stations on its Switch Delhi portal for electric vehicles in Delhi.
Delhi Transport Minister Sh. Kailash Gehlot said that it will enable people to now use their favourite apps to locate more than 2500 charging points and battery swapping stations across Delhi. This number is expected to reach 18,000 by 2025, he added.
EV players can further develop platforms to provide seamless information about charging and battery swapping stations to all EV users in Delhi. For accessing dynamic EV charging and battery swapping station data, a private API key to all registered service providers will be provided after submission of the request.
All entities operating public and/or semi-public EV charging or swapping stations in Delhi will be required to submit data to the open database within 3 weeks of notification of this order.
IOC to have 4,000 EV charging stations by FY23
State-run Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) on Thursday, September 08, said that it aims to expand its electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, which are set up at its fuel retailing points, to 4,000 by FY23-end. The oil marketing behemoth already has more than 2,500 EV charging stations.
Indian Oil has been in the forefront for serving EV customers and has already provided 2,500+ EV charging stations at fuel stations across the country and plans to increase numbers to 4,000 by end of current financial year.
IOC aims to achieve net-zero operational carbon emissions by 2046, which is in line with India’s aim to reach net-zero emissions by 2070. To cut emissions, the OMC is focused on renewable energy and is aggressively setting up solar energy facilities at fuel stations.
IndianOil has already solarised more than 20,000 fuel stations across India (among highest in the world) with installed capacity of 116.4 megawatt (MW). Electric vehicle charging facilities will further complement the Net Zero plan of IndianOil.
Natural Gas / Transnational Pipelines/ Others
U.S.A Manufacturers push regulators for more natural gas pipelines
Manufacturers told lawmakers that federal agencies should have a responsibility to secure reliable and affordable access to natural gas, mainly through dramatic growth in pipeline infrastructure.
A letter released Friday, September 09, envisions an industry-oriented course correction at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the North American Electric Reliability Corp. one that sees the agencies turn from slow-walking regulators to active proponents of new infrastructure. The letter argues a transformation is necessary because of the dire energy situation U.S. manufacturers find themselves in. Manufacturers, which have long used natural gas for fuel and as raw material, have been particularly slammed by the rising costs and have to compete with utilities and LNG export facilities for the fuel.
IECA is particularly concerned over natural gas prices heading into winter, when increased demand from utilities and export facilities for heating and power generation may strain existing pipeline capacity even further and skyrocket what they see as already untenable prices. FERC and NERC, Cicio argues, have an obligation to step in and ensure adequate pipeline capacity to fulfill the national imperatives of reliable energy and electricity.
U.S. manufacturers have been sounding the alarm on natural gas infrastructure since February and have also called for gas export bans to shore up domestic supply Senate Energy and Natural Resources Chair Joe Manchin’s yet-to-be-released permitting reform package would in theory help natural gas infrastructure projects get quick regulatory authorization and hasten construction times
However, there is still stringent opposition from environmentalists and some Democrats to new natural gas projects. On Thursday, activists from Indigenous and front-line communities rallied in a Capitol Hill park and called on lawmakers to oppose permitting reforms and new natural gas projects.
Russia’s Gazprom piping gas to Europe via Ukraine after Nord Stream stoppage
Russia’s Gazprom (GAZP.MM) said it would ship 42.7 mcm of natural gas to Europe through Ukraine on Saturday, September 03, hours after it announced that flows through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to Germany would not resume as planned.
Flows via the Sudzha entry point were up slightly compared to the 41.3 mcm Gazprom sent on Friday, but not enough to compensate for missing gas that were expected to be pumped through Nord Stream 1 on Saturday.
Gazprom announced late Friday, September 02, it had detected an oil leakage on equipment during Nord Stream 1 maintenance work and would not be able to resume flows. It set no timeframe for fixing the problem.
Siemens Energy (ENR1n.DE), which normally services Nord Stream 1 turbines, said such a leak should not stop the pipeline from operating. It also said the Portovaya compressor station, where the leak was discovered, has other turbines to keep Nord Stream 1 operating.
CNOOC starts gas projects in the south China sea
Chinese state-owned CNOOC on September 01, announced that Dongfang 1-1 gas field southeast zone and Ledong 22-1 gas field south block development started production ahead of schedule.
The projects are located in Yinggehai, western South China Sea. CNOOC plans to commission four development wells and produce through two subsea production systems, two mixed transportation pipelines of oil and gas and two umbilicals.
The projects are expected to reach peak production of approximately 44mn ft3/day of natural gas. CNOOC holds 100% interest in the projects.
Construction of Poland-Slovakia gas pipeline Completed, operations to begin in Oct 2022
A ceremony to celebrate the completion of the Poland – Slovakia gas interconnector was held in Strachocina, Poland, on Friday, August 26, with representatives from the Polish and Slovak governments among the dignitaries who graced the occasion. The new gas connection is scheduled for commercial operation in October 2022.
The new interconnector will transport 5.7 bcm of gas annually to Poland and 4.7 bcm to Slovakia. The gas connection will enable Poland to link to gas infrastructure resources in Southern Europe, the Caucasus, and North Africa. Slovakia and other CEE countries will access gas from the Baltic pipes, the LNG Terminal in Klaipeda, and the LNG Terminal in Swinoujscie.
Prime Minister Mr. Eduard Heger stated that the war in Ukraine showed how fragile the energy stability is. The gas pipeline project between Slovakia and Poland is a strategic step and an important European project. For Slovakia, it means gas supplies security, it will give us access to LNG gas transported by sea and to resources from Norway. The launch of the gas pipeline is an important contribution of Poland and Slovakia to Pan-European energy security.
Mr. Rastislav Nukovic, eustream’s general director, also said the gas connection between Poland and Slovakia was a major achievement for CEE energy security. He added that its completion was an important indicator before the forthcoming summer season since it opens new market supply possibilities.
The Poland-Slovakia pipeline is 164 kilometers long and has a diameter of DN 1000. The pipeline runs 61.3 kilometers in Poland and 103 kilometers in Slovakia. It ends in Velke Kapusany in Slovakia. The Polish and Slovak gas connection system has been hailed as key energy security in the EU. The project has appeared on the European Commission-issued Projects of Common Interest (PCI) list since 2013. The project was co-financed by the EU’s Connecting Europe Facility.
Global LNG Development
Russia exported its first shipment from the new LNG plant to greece
Russia will send the first shipment from its newest liquefied natural gas terminal to Greece, a surprise destination as Europe tries to reduce its dependency on Moscow for energy supplies.
The first cargo from the Portovaya LNG plant on Russia’s Baltic coast will head to Greece, according to a person with direct knowledge of the matter, who declined to be identified because the information is private. The buyer of the cargo wasn’t disclosed.
The new terminal, near the shuttered Nord Stream gas pipeline to Germany, is starting amid an unprecedented energy crisis aggravated by Russia’s decision to slash flows to Europe. But while pipeline supplies have virtually halted, the super-chilled fuel from another Russian LNG plant is still landing in European ports. There are currently no sanctions on Russian LNG in Europe, although the UK stopped taking super-chilled fuel from the country after the war in Ukraine started.
Greece’s sole LNG facility can send out 6 bcm a year, about half of which goes north to Bulgaria and North Macedonia and the rest to the domestic market. Bulgaria was cut off from Russian pipeline gas earlier this year after it refused to comply with new payment terms from Russia.
Gazprom Starts Producing LNG at Plant Near Nord Stream Pipeline The Pskov LNG tanker is currently moored at Portovaya LNG plant, taking the first shipment onboard, according to ship-tracking data compiled by Bloomberg.
USA: Delfin midstream inks LNG partnership with Devon Energy
Delfin Midstream and Devon Energy have entered into a liquefied natural gas export partnership that includes an executed Heads of Agreement for long-term liquefaction capacity and a pre-Financial Investment Decision strategic investment by Devon in Delfin.
The Heads of Agreement provides the framework for finalizing a definitive long-term tolling agreement representing 1.0 million tons per annum (mtpa) of liquefaction capacity in Delfin’s first Floating LNG vessel, with the ability to add an additional 1.0 mtpa in Delfin’s first or a future Floating LNG vessel.
In addition to providing Devon up to 2.0 mtpa of total liquefaction capacity on a long-term basis, the Heads of Agreement also provides an opportunity for additional future equity investments in Delfin by Devon. Devon’s 2022 guidance will remain unchanged.
Following its recent announcement of a binding sales and purchase agreement with Vitol and a Heads of Agreement with Centrica, this announcement represents Delfin’s third major agreement in the past two months. Delfin is also in numerous advanced discussions on additional binding SPAs, HOAs, and tolling agreements like those previously announced.
As a modular project requiring only 2.0 to 2.5 mtpa of long-term contracts to begin construction, and with all necessary permits in hand, Delfin is on schedule to make FID on its first FLNG vessel by the end of this year.
Netherlands: EemsEnergyTerminal welcomes both FSRUs
EemsEnergyTerminal in the Netherlands is now entering the next phase, making the terminal technically ready, after both of its FSRUs arrived at the terminal.
This new LNG terminal at Eemshaven is to increase the security of the energy supply in order for the Netherlands and Europe to become less dependent on Russian gas. Until this year, the Netherlands only had an LNG terminal in the port of Rotterdam. The expansion in the Eemshaven and the optimization of the terminal in Rotterdam will double the import capacity for LNG. The LNG terminal in the port of Eemshaven includes two floating storage and regasification units (FSRUs).
On September 07, Gasunie reported that both FSRUs have arrived at Eemshaven. The Golar Igloo (built by New Fortress Energy) arrived on 4 September 2022 and the Eemshaven LNG installation (built by Exmar) also arrived on 6 September 2022. Therefore, the project is now entering the next phase, which involves making the terminal technically ready.
The first LNG delivery will also follow this week, Gasunie said. LNG will then be converted into gaseous natural gas. Gas is expected to flow through Gasunie’s gas transport network for the first time in mid-September. Various tasks to complete the project will take place in the coming weeks.
EemsEnergyTerminal expects to be able to receive, unload and ship around 18 LNG cargoes during the period up to 31 December 2022.
Renergen starts South African LNG plant
Renergen on September 05 announced it had started operations at South Africa’s first commercial LNG plant. The start of Virginia gas plant has turned Renergen into a producer from explorers. Renergen will now focus on ramping-up operations over the coming months to full phase one capacity.
This watershed moment in the company’s lifecycle has finally arrived. This is a significant step on the path to showing the world that Renergen can become a global player in liquid helium supply and a material local supplier of much-needed LNG. The Virginia project comprises various gas fields across Welkom, Virginia and Theunissen in South Africa’s Free State. Their natural gas is very pure, according to Renergen, with an average methane content of more than 90%, but they also contain some of the richest helium concentrations recorded globally.
Renergen in June this year signed a preliminary agreement for a loan of up to $500mn from the US International Development Finance Corp. for the second phase of the Virginia project.
USA: Commonwealth LNG, Woodside finalise LNG pact
US LNG developer Commonwealth LNG and Australian energy company Woodside Energy have finalised an LNG deal by converting their non-binding heads of agreement (HoA) into two binding LNG sale and purchase agreements (SPAs), the companies said on September 05 in a joint statement.
The SPAs are for the supply of up to 2.5mn metric tons/year of LNG over 20 years from Commonwealth’s LNG export facility under development in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. Key terms in the HoA, announced in January this year, remain unchanged in the binding SPAs, with first deliveries expected to begin in mid-2026.
The SPAs will become fully effective upon the satisfaction of customary conditions, including an affirmative final investment decision on the project.
Senegal, West Africa: Phase-II of Senegal LNG project needs $5 billion
The second phase of Senegal’s Greater Tortue Ahmeyim (GTA) gas project will need investments worth around $5 billion and could start in 2024 or 2025, Senegal’s President Mr. Macky Sall. BP and U.S.-listed Kosmos Energy are leading the development of GTA and Yakaar-Teranga, Senegal’s first natural gas projects.
The first phase of GTA, which straddles the border between Senegal and Mauritania, is 80% complete and expected to start delivering gas by the end of 2023.
A Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) is expected to sail from China to the site by the end of the year, BP Executive Vice-President for Production and Operations Gordon Birrell told the same conference earlier on Thursday, September 01.
BP is in discussions with Senegal and Mauritania about GTA’s phase two and other projects in both countries, Birrell said without elaborating. Another long-awaited oil and gas project, Sangomar, is also expected to begin production in the second half of next year.
Australia’s Woodside holds 82% of the field being developed off the coast of Senegal and the national oil company Petrosen the rest. Woodside Executive Vice-President for International Operations Shiva McMahon, told the conference the project was 60% complete.
German government announces fifth floating LNG terminal
Berlin has arranged for a fifth floating liquified natural gas (LNG) terminal in order to increase the amount of LNG the country is able to import, which may be a boon to the country’s landlocked neighbours.
In May, the government announced that it had secured four of these repurposed LNG tankers. The retrofit ships, of which fewer than 70 exist worldwide, can regasify liquid fossil gas after shipping. Aside from the now five envisioned by the German government, private investors hope to station another in Lubmin, where the infamous Nord Stream pipelines come on land.
Each of the government’s five mobile LNG terminals will be able to provide a minimum of 5 bcm of gas per year, although some may be able to regasify around 8 bcm. Imports from Russia were historically around 50 bcm per year.
The first two, at 5 bcm minimum capacity each, will enter operations before 2023, the government said, with anticipated start dates of around October or November 2022. The other three are slated to begin operating in advance of the following winter.
After all, the FSRU may be relatively short-lived before being salvaged for parts to help TES build its hydrogen import infrastructure, which is both cheaper and more environmentally friendly. TES hopes to begin importing hydrogen in 2025, the German government said. Experts are largely critical of the merits of shipping hydrogen.
Namibia to learn from Equatorial Guinea on LNG development
Namibia and Equatorial Guinea are looking to strengthen energy ties and specifically focusing on LNG development and knowledge-sharing opportunities. A high-level delegation led by Hon. Tom Alweendo, Namibia’s Minister of Mines and Energy, is conducting a diplomatic visit to regional gas leader, Equatorial Guinea, this week with the aim of strengthening energy ties and expanding dialogue between the two nations.
The delegation conducted a site visit to Equatorial Guinea’s Punta Europa LNG complex (EG LNG), gaining insights into facility operations.
Bilateral meetings discussed the role NOCs play in driving oil and gas developments in Africa; the training and development of nationals; and the role gas plays in boosting the local and regional economies, with both SONAGAS and GEPetrol providing key insight into strategies for gas monetisation as well as the rapid developments of resources.
Having made two sizeable oil and gas discoveries this year, Namibia is committed to seeing these developments come online as soon as possible. A group of Namibian engineers will stay on in Equatorial Guinea for the next four months, training and working closely with Equatorial Guinean nationals.
Following the visit to Equatorial Guinea, Minister Alweendo is set to depart for Senegal, where he will join other West African energy ministers at the 2022 edition of the MSGBC Oil, Gas & Power conference – taking place under the auspices of H.E. Macky Sall, Senegalese President and current Chairperson of the African Union.
African leaders are being urged to ‘fast track’ projects amid escalating supply constraints. Those underway include the 3.4Mtpa Coral Floating LNG project, the 12.8Mtpa Mozambique LNG project and the 1.2 Rovuma LNG project in Mozambique as well as the $4.8bn Grand Tortue Ahmeyim gas project co-developed by Senegal and Mauritania.
Currently operational terminals for the LNG exports in Africa have a combined capacity of 75m MT per year. Algeria presents the largest annual LNG export capacity in the continent, with 29.3m MT, followed by Nigeria with 22.2m MT.
Latvia backs Skulte LNG import terminal in Europe
Latvia’s government is backing the construction of the planned LNG import facility at the port of Skulte, as the Baltic country looks to diversify its gas supply sources. According to a statement released on Tuesday, Latvia’s Cabinet of Ministers has decided to grant the status of a national interest object to the Skulte LNG import facility.
The government evaluated two LNG import projects and chose the Skulte LNG import facility. According to the statement, the draft law would be presented to the government by September 20. Also, the country’s parliament or Saeima has to approve this law.
The government’s decision would allow for faster and simplified administrative procedures for the implementation of the LNG import project. Skulte LNG developers expect to complete the LNG terminal within 16 months.
In May 2022, Latvian fuel trader Virši-A signed a deal to buy a 20 percent stake in the planned LNG import facility at the port of Skulte. Virši and the project developer Skulte LNG Terminal will work to jointly develop the facility.
Established in 2016, Skulte LNG Terminal’s shareholders include the National Gas Terminal Society and Peter A. Ragauss, an entrepreneur with experience in the energy sector in the US market.
The terminal developer plans to install a floating regasification unit (FRU) at Skulte port area, 2.5 km offshore from coast line, with pipeline connection to the Inčukalns underground gas storage facility. The facility would have a capacity of up to 3 mtpa.
Latvia currently has no LNG import terminals but its neighbor Lithuania imports LNG via the Klaipeda FSRU, while Estonia is also building an LNG terminal in Paldiski and the country chartered an FSRU with Finland, as part of plans to phase out Russian gas supplies. Earlier this year, Latvia’s energy firm Latvenergo also said it would import regasified LNG via the Klaipeda facility.
Estonia: Stage one of Paldiski LNG terminal completed
Phase one of the construction of a LNG terminal in the port city of Paldiski is to be completed on Wednesday, August 31.
The terminal is part of an effort to meet Estonia’s annual natural gas consumption needs, estimated at 5TWh, while decoupling from supplies from the Russian Federation. LNG as its name suggests is transported in liquid form via ship and then regassified on terra firma, for supply to consumers.
The work has gone to plan, Reedik Raudla, construction manager at the Pakrineeme Sadam, the company overseeing the terminal.
Gas and electricity supplier Elering says the ship-to-shore pipeline will be finished by November 30, while Estonian investors say that the overall facility at Paldiski will be ready earlier than its equivalent on the other side of the Gulf of Finland, at Inkoo.
Both terminals will be ready by December, providing a choice, meaning Paldiski may remain a back-up terminal for now. Estonian firms who can take advantage of the Paldiski facility include Alexela and Eesti Gaas.
Technological Development for Cleaner and Greener Environment Hydrogen & Bio-Methane
Kenya’s electric mobility transformation can offer a model for other countries
Most Kenyans hop on the back of a motorbike taxi, known locally as a boda-boda, to get around town. With 22 million rides per day, it’s a sector that provides an estimated 1 million direct jobs for drivers.
A cheaper, faster mode of transportation that can dodge traffic and access hard-to-reach areas, motorbike ridership in Kenya is expected to triple by 2030. However, these bikes are 10 times more polluting than cars, deteriorating air quality and threatening people’s health.
The good news is both the government and private sector in Kenya are making a serious effort to transform Kenya’s transportation sector, wherein electric motorcycles can provide a zero-emission alternative to high-polluting vehicles such as boda-boda taxis. Their approach, which has been widely successful, can serve as a model for other countries looking to improve people’s health and lower emissions from their vehicles.
However, while making electric mobility (e-mobility) transitions, emerging economies must confront the barriers to electric vehicle (EV) adoption. These include the high upfront costs of EVs, even though they are cheaper over the long run because of lower fuel and maintenance costs, concerns about the range of the battery charge and lack of charging infrastructure. Financiers are often hesitant to invest in e-mobility in these countries, because of concerns about financing new technology without proven experience for battery life and asset resale value, as well as the lack of bankable projects. Moreover, countries need to ensure EVs are linked to a grid powered by renewable energy, or EVs risk intensifying environmental burdens.
USA: Raven Chooses Watlow as its Technology Partner for New Hydrogen Reactor
Watlow, a designer and manufacturer of complete industrial thermal systems, is proud to announce that it was selected by Raven SR Inc. as a thermal technology partner for the field trial of their non-combustion equilibrium Steam/CO2 Reforming SR2 unit which converted methane to transportation-grade hydrogen.
The SR2 reactor successfully performed at a rate exceeding other commercially available technologies for hydrogen production from methane. Raven’s patented steam / carbon dioxide reforming process transforms all waste – biomass, municipal solid waste, bio-solids, industrial waste, sewage, medical waste and unwanted, unusable, excess, low methane natural gas – into synthetic gas, which is then converted into renewable energy products including hydrogen, sulfur and nitrogen-free Fischer-Tropsch synthetic fuels and additives and solvents.
The SR2 reactor utilizes Watlow’s zero-emissions electric heater technology to power Raven’s reductive chemical reaction, which eliminates combustion and is, therefore, a much cleaner process that converts all feedstock into fuel rather than incinerating it. Watlow’s thermal system includes high-temperature MULTICELL™ heaters, WATCONNECT® pre-engineered control panels and temperature and power controllers.
Additionally, Watlow engineers developed a special IoT device providing a cloud-connected dashboard for data logging, near real-time monitoring of system output and visualization of thermal performance. The solution also provides a foundation for diagnostic and predictive analytics of the system at scale.
Raven’s technology provides a carbon-free solution for both the creation and consumption of energy. Hydrogen can be produced with no harmful emissions to power fuel cells that can create electricity with only heat and water vapor as the byproducts.