NGS’ NG/LNG SNAPSHOT – DEC 1-15, 2022
City Gas Distribution & Auto LPG
No CNG supply hampers Industrial Production, Tarapur, Maharashtra
Maintenance and repair work of the CNG gas pipeline which is scheduled from 27th November to 3rd December has halted the industrial production in many units situated in Tarapur MIDC.
CNG gas is supplied in Tarapur MIDC by Gail India Company. Steel manufacturing giants like Tata Steel, JSW Steels and Viraj Alloys are major consumers of CNG. 130 other medium and large-scale industries use CNG as fuel in their manufacturing processes. Two CNG filling stations for vehicles in the Boisar area cater to more than 1000 auto rickshaws and many private vehicles from Boisar and Palghar areas. The unavailability of CNG has hampered all these public transport vehicles.
The construction work of Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) beside the existing western railway line on the east side is going on. The existing CNG supply pipeline which was three to four metres beneath the ground has to be relayed at a distance of eight to ten metres as per the safety norms of DFC.
The stoppage of the supply of CNG for a week has affected the production in industries in Tarapur MIDC. The public transport system is also stressed as almost 30 to 40% of autos are off the road.
Compressed Natural Gas buses to ply in Guwahati city
The CNG bus project will be implemented by the Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) under the Guwahati Smart City project.
According to ASTC sources, the state government had taken a policy decision to operate 100 CNG buses in Guwahati city and a tender was accordingly floated for supply of CNG buses. After the bidding process, Tata Motors recently brought 68 CNG buses to the state. The remaining 32 vehicles will be delivered shortly, the sources said. The new CNG buses are being kept at a parking lot in Changsari on the outskirts of the city. The buses will run in a phased manner and all the buses will not be deployed at the same time.
According to the sources, two filling stations have been set up for providing CNG to the new buses – one at the ISBT at Betkuchi and the other one at Ulubari.
The main reasons for procuring the CNG buses include curbing pollution and minimizing the
expenditure on purchasing comparatively costlier diesel.
Policy Matters/ Gas Pricing/ Others
Government introduces Energy Conservation Bill in Rajya Sabha
Minister of New and Renewable Energy Sh. R.K. Singh introduced the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill in Rajya Sabha on December 8. The Minister stated that the non-fossil fuel capacity was 42% of the total energy generation and in order to address the transition, the bill had been brought.
For petroleum refining we use hydrogen drawn from natural gas. The idea is to replace natural gas. To stop carbon emission, we will use green hydrogen gas. We make ammonia from natural gas, both ammonia and natural gas are imported, we intend to replace that with green hydrogen, that is why this bill is required so that we can change the feedstock,” Sh. Singh said.
He said there was scope for energy-efficiency in the construction sector such as large multi-story buildings. Congress leader Sh. Abhishek Manu Singhvi said though he supported the Bill, there were some concerns and contradictions in the government policy.
“The bill brings building codes for non-fossil fuel-based construction. It expands the extent of carbon footprint emanation. It creates agencies for issuing carbon credit certificates,” Sh. Singhvi said.
He added that it contradicted the government’s policy as it had reduced the subsidies on clean energy, and increased the taxes.
“I understand that you want to reduce the import of solar panels from Chinafor for which you have increased import duty but are you aware that many manufacturers import solar panel parts from China. It will not make India self-reliant,” Sh. Singhvi said.
Price review suggestion can be beneficial for city gas distribution cos’
The Kirit Parikh committee’s recommendations include setting a floor price of $4 per mmbtu (million British thermal units) and ceiling price of $6.5 per mmbtu for gas produced from old fields like those of ONGC Ltd and Oil India Ltd, with the option to increase the ceiling price by $0.5 per mmbtu every year
before it opened up to the market from 1 January 2027. “Capping administered price mechanism (APM) gas prices is encouraging for CGDs, as they account for 90% of priority sector demand (compressed natural gas + piped natural gas domestic),”. Falling domestic gas and spot LNG (liquified natural gas) prices are positive for Indraprastha Gas Ltd and Mahanagar Gas Ltd, followed by Gujarat Gas.
IGL and MGL are dependent on a significant portion of allocation of APM gas to meet their gas distribution requirements. Hence, lower domestic gas prices will accrue more benefits to the two.
Gujarat Gas on the other hand depends more on imported LNG and hence a decline in spot LNG prices is a positive. The domestic natural gas APM price had seen a steep 40% rise to $8.57/mmbtu (gross calorific value basis) for second half FY23 (from $ 6.1/mmbtu in the first half FY23). The rise in domestic gas prices with increasing international gas prices had meant that CGDs had to continue hiking prices for CNG.
The gas companies had been taking price hikes post October ‘22 APM price hike. The price difference between CNG and other auto fuels thus continued to fall and has been adding to concerns on volume growth.
The lower prices of gas can mean lower CNG prices. APM gas price would come down to $6.5/mmbtu from current $8.6/mmbtu and thus CNG price could come down by up to ₹8.5/kg, said an analyst at a domestic brokerage. The benefits would be more if gas prices decline below $6.5/mmbtu and also if companies pass on the APM lower gas prices.
Gas produced from new fields is to be given pricing and marketing freedom, which is a positive for Reliance Industries and ONGC, said analysts at Prabhudas Lilladher.
Free pricing of domestic gas from difficult fields would attract sizable investment from upstream companies which could lead to higher domestic gas production in the long run, said CareEdge Ratings.
However, CareEdge Ratings believes that domestic gas producers of legacy fields could have lower realisation of natural gas to the extent of ₹23,000 crore in FY24.
CareEdge Ratings believes recommendations of the Kirit Parikh committee are a great balancing act to safeguard the interest of gas consumers, city gas distribution companies and gas producers from difficult fields. It will boost the use of natural gas and help the government contain high inflation.
Electric Mobility/ Hydrogen/ Bio- Methane
IOC to set up new company for green business
Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), India’s largest oil marketing company, is planning to set up a new company to house its alternative energy businesses, according to sources aware of the development. IOCL is already present and has ambitious expansion plans in biofuel, biogas, green hydrogen, EV mobility and EV batteries, among others.
It is venturing into green hydrogen production and is targeting 5% of hydrogen produced by it as green hydrogen by 2027-28 and 10% by 2029-30. “The new company will be formed next year. Discussions are in advanced stages with FIIs and other stakeholders on formalising a structure for the company,” said an industry official aware of the matter. IOCL declined to comment on the development.
“A separate company will not only bring in better valuation for IOCL’s renewable assets but also allow the company to rope in strategic partners and monetise assets easily, something it has not been able to do in other segments,” said the second official aware of the development.
IOCL’s installed capacity of renewable energy stood at 237.42 MW as of March 2022, which included 167.6 MW of wind capacity and 69.82 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity.
UP, Haryana, Rajasthan to register only CNG and e-autos, phase out diesel ones in NCR
The Central government’s air quality panel has directed Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan to ensure the registration of only Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) and e-autos from 1 January, 2023 in the National Capital Region (NCR) surrounding Delhi to check on the air quality.
The government air quality panel has also asked the three states to phase out diesel autos in the NCR by the end of 2026. The phasing out of the diesel autos will be done in a graded manner.
The Commission for Air Quality Management issued an order on Wednesday, 30 November. The order stated that the target was only CNG and e-autos ply in the NCR from 1 January 2027. So, by the end of 2026, only CNG and e-autos would be registered in the NCR and diesel autos would be phased out gradually.
The National Capital Region covers Delhi, 14 districts of Haryana, eight districts of Uttar Pradesh and two districts of Rajasthan. Currently, no diesel-run auto is registered in Delhi.
Delhi had launched a programme in 1998 to convert its fleet of diesel auto-rickshaws into CNG ones.
The Delhi Transport Department had launched a scheme in October last year for the registration of 4,261 e-autos.
Meanwhile, the onset of winter and deteriorated air quality meant that the national capital was seen covered in a layer of smog. The Lodhi Road and Akshardham area were reported to have visible smoke and fog. On Wednesday, 20 November, the Air Quality Index (AQI) in the national capital was recorded at 332, which comes under the 'very poor' category this morning as per the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) records.
The Air Quality Index from 0 to 100 is considered as good, while from 100 to 200 it is moderate, from 200 to 300 it is poor, and from 300 to 400 it is said to be very poor and from 400 to 500 or above it is considered as severe.
Summary: By the first day of 2027, all auto rickshaws in the national capital region will run on compressed natural gas or electricity.
Airbus looking to procure green hydrogen from India
European aircraft manufacturer Airbus is looking to source green hydrogen from India as well as Australia and Latin America. The company official told PTI news agency that Airbus is working on developing a hydrogen-powered fuel cell engine for its ambitious zero-emission aircraft that will enter service by 2035.
Airbus has also signed an agreement with HyPort to set up a low-carbon hydrogen production and distribution station at an airport in France.
The hydrogen station at the Toulouse-Blagnac airport in France is slated to enter into service in early 2023. It will have the capacity to produce around 400 kilograms of hydrogen per day — enough to power some 50 ground vehicles, the aerospace major said.
Glenn Llewellyn, VP Zero-Emission Aircraft at Airbus, “There are no hydrogen-powered aircraft flying today but we can use hydrogen to decarbonise airport activities… this allows us to scale up hydrogen availability and prepare for the time when we need it for aircraft”.”India is an amazing location with huge potential for the production of (green) hydrogen at a very exciting cost,” Llewellyn told the agency. “I would hope that one day we can have zero emission aircraft operating out of airports like Delhi and others at attractive price points based on homegrown renewable energy ecosystem,” he added.
On 30 November, Airbus told Bloomberg news agency that lack of green hydrogen and associated infrastructure could push back service entry for a carbon-free aircraft.
The European planemaker, which plans to introduce a hydrogen model around 2035, is working with airports, energy companies, and infrastructure providers to develop the ecosystem needed to support such an aircraft.
Green hydrogen, derived from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, has the best environmental credentials since there are few or no carbon dioxide emissions.
It has been touted as the key to decarbonising industries that rely on coal, gas, and oil, but the costs of production have traditionally been much higher than other forms of hydrogen, while there are also uncertainties about the demand worldwide.
Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi launched the National Hydrogen Mission on 15 August 2021. Under this initiative, the country targets to produce 5 MT of green hydrogen by 2030.
India has already announced its goal of increasing renewables capacity to 500 GW by 2030 and meeting 50% of energy requirements from renewable sources.
Adani Total Gas bagged LoA for eight EV charging stations
Adani Total Gas announced the receipt of a letter of award (LoA) from Convergence Energy Services for setting up and operating electric vehicle charging stations across various cities.
The contract involves supply, installation, testing, commissioning, operation and maintenance of electric vehicle charging stations in eight cities (Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune and Surat) on build, own and operate (BOO) model for a period of eight years.
Adani Total Gas is one of India’s leading private players in developing city gas distribution (CGD) networks to supply piped natural gas (PNG) to industrial, commercial, domestic (residential) customers and compressed natural gas (CNG) to the transport sector.
The company’s consolidated net profit rose 1.2% to Rs 160.02 crore on 72.1% jump in revenue from operations to Rs 1,115.50 crore in Q2 FY23 over Q2 FY22.
Natural Gas / Transnational Pipelines/ Others
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Aramco discovers 2 new unconventional natural gas fields in the eastern region
Awtad on the southwest of Ghawar field and AlDahna on the southwest of Dhahran are the new unconventional gas fields discovered, Saudi energy minister Prince Mr. Abdulaziz bin Salman bin Abdulaziz said. Saudi Aramco has discovered two new unconventional natural gas fields in the eastern region, the Saudi energy minister said on Wednesday.
Awtad on the southwest of Ghawar field and AlDahna on the southwest of Dhahran are the new unconventional gas fields discovered, energy minister Prince Mr. Abdulaziz bin Salman bin Abdulaziz said.
Gas flowed from Awtad-108001 well at a rate of 10 million standard cubic feet daily, along with a daily 740 barrels of condensate, and from Awtad-100921 well at a rate of 16.9 million standard cubic feet daily, along with a daily 165 barrels of condensate.
Gas flowed from AlDahna-4 well at a rate of 8.1 million standard cubic feet daily, and from AlDahna-370100 well at a rate of 17.5 million standard cubic feet daily, along with 362 barrels of condensate. Saudi gas reserves boosted
The minister said the discovery of the new fields will increase the country’s natural gas reserves, and help realise the objectives of the liquid fuel displacement programme.
The new discoveries also underline the wealth of natural resources the Kingdom has at its disposal, the minister said.
Oman: Shell awards three services contracts to Petrofac in Oman
Services company Petrofac has been selected by Shell to undertake new engineering and procurement services (EPS) scopes in Oman, it said on November 30.
The first is a five-year EPS contract for Shell’s Block-10 Mabrouk Phase-2 project, located in the Al Wusta Governorate of Oman – around 400 km from the capital, Muscat. The scope includes well-pads for multiple wells, remote manifold stations and connecting pipeline, including water infrastructure for well development and a field operations base.
Two further contracts, to provide residual engineering and procurement services to complete Phase- 1B of the Block-10 development, were secured under Petrofac’s global enterprise framework agreement with Shell.
Shell Integrated Gas Oman, a subsidiary of Shell, along with its partners, OQ and Marsa Liquefied Natural Gas, signed a concession agreement to develop and produce natural gas from Block-10 in December 2021. Shell became the operator of the field at the signing.
Russia: Putin proposes creation of ‘Natural Gas Union’ with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Russian President Mr. Vladimir Putin has proposed creating a ‘gas union’ with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to establish a mechanism to ship natural gas between the three countries and to other nations, including China.
A day after Kazakh President Mr. Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev said he had talks with Mr. Putin in Moscow on the issue, Russian Kremlin spokesman Mr. Dmitry Peskov confirmed on November 29 that the proposal was being discussed between the three countries because there was a “need for synchronisation” since they all sell natural gas.
The first stage of Putin’s proposal envisages “the creation of a coordination mechanism” for the plan, Mr. Peskov said. “The issue likely will have to be discussed with a legal entity to establish cooperation between the three nations and to secure the development of infrastructure for outer markets,” Mr. Peskov said.
“Presidents Mr. Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev and Mr. Vladimir Putin said they think it is necessary to hold detailed talks with the participation of experts to find a rational solution to the issue that considers the interests of all involved sides,”.
Russia is known as a major natural gas exporter, while the amount of natural gas produced by Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan is barely enough for their own consumption.
The two major economies of the Central Asian region share a gas pipeline to Russia and a pipeline transporting natural gas from Turkmenistan to China.
Moscow has increased its natural gas deliveries to China since European nations began decreasing their dependence on Russian gas amid the Kremlin’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine, which started in late February.
Global LNG Development
North America: Sempra inks port Arthur LNG deal with INEOS
Sempra Infrastructure said December 1 it had signed a long-term sale and purchase agreement (SPA) with Belgian petrochemical giant INEOS covering 1.4mn metric tons/year of LNG from Sempra’s proposed Port Arthur LNG terminal in Texas.
Under terms of the SPA, the LNG will be delivered free-on-board from the $10.5bn first phase of the project for a term of 20 years. Sempra and INEOS have also signed non-binding heads of agreement contemplating the additional purchase by INEOS of 200,000 mt/yr of LNG from Phase 2, which is being actively marketed.
“We are pleased to have reached this milestone together with Sempra Infrastructure that will facilitate further access to US LNG supplies,” INEOS Energy CEO David Bucknall said. “This agreement is a critical part of our new global LNG supply chain that will enable us to deliver cleaner and reliable energy to our businesses and customers.”
Sempra recently finalised an engineering, procurement and construction contract with Bechtel for the 13.5mn mt/yr Port Arthur LNG Phase 1 and has entered into a long-term SPA with ConocoPhillips for 5mn mt/yr of offtake. It expects to make a final investment decision on Phase 1 in Q1 2023, targeting first cargo delivery in 2027.
Denmark: Gasum makes first delivery of LNG to CMA CGM Containerships
Gasum has welcomed CMA CGM Group’s Containerships division as they made their first delivery of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Containership Borealis off Bornholm, Denmark.
Similar to Gasum, the CMA CGM Group’s subsidiary Containerships was an early advocate and pioneer in embracing LNG as a maritime fuel.
“We are eager to help the whole CMA CGM Group in its continual efforts to significantly reduce emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases,” Gasum wrote in a social media post.
By operating LNG-fueled trucks that are backed by Gasum’s network of LNG filling stations in Finland, Containerships also enhances its environmental performance on land.
US: Sempra signs Port Arthur LNG offtake agreement with Engie in US
Sempra Infrastructure, a subsidiary of US-based Sempra, has signed an agreement to supply liquefied natural gas (LNG) to French firm Engie from Phase 1 of its proposed Port Arthur LNG project in the US.
Under the 15-year sale and purchase agreement (SPA), Engie will receive approximately 0.875 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) of LNG, which will be delivered on a free-on-board basis.
The agreement also provides a framework to explore solutions to reduce LNG carbon intensity produced from the Port Arthur Phase 1 LNG project.
Some of the solutions being considered include a reduction of GHG emissions, mitigation strategies, and a continuous improvement approach.
Sempra Infrastructure CEO Mr. Justin Bird said: “Engie is a leader in Europe’s energy transition and a great addition to our Port Arthur LNG customer portfolio.
“We are excited to work with Engie to deliver reliable energy resources like LNG and contribute to the security of natural gas supply to their clients while supporting both companies’ ESG commitments.” Sempra Infrastructure recently selected Bechtel Energy for the engineering, procurement, and construction of the Port Arthur LNG Phase 1 project, as well as signed LNG supply agreements with ConocoPhillips and Ineos.
Being built in Jefferson County, Texas, the Port Arthur LNG Phase 1 project will have an LNG production capacity of 13.5Mtpa. The phase I project will comprise two natural gas liquefaction trains, LNG storage tanks, and associated facilities.
The Port Arthur LNG project development is subject to securing all necessary permits, and obtaining financing, among other factors.
Poland: Polish LNG terminal gets 200th cargo
Poland’s PKN Orlen said it had received the 200th cargo of liquefied natural gas (LNG) at the Swinoujscie terminal since the start of operations.
The 173,400-cbm LNG carrier Seapeak Creole delivered the milestone shipment to the President Lech Kaczynski LNG terminal in Swinoujscie from the US, PKN Orlen said in a statement on December 1.
PKN Orlen completed on November 2 its previously announced merger with Poland’s dominant gas firm, PGNiG, which is in charge for all of the LNG supplies coming to the Swinoujscie facility, operated by Gaz-System.
The Swinoujscie LNG terminal received its first commercial cargo in June 2016. Prior to that it also received two commissioning LNG cargoes.
According to PKN Orlen, the 50th LNG cargo arrived at the facility in January 2019, while the 100th delivery landed in July 2020.
It took only 28 months to reach the 200th shipment, almost two times less than in the case of the first 100 shipments, it said. The growth of LNG imports was possible due to the expansion of Gaz System’s facility in Swinoujscie, where PKN Orlen booked a regasification capacity of 6.2 bcm per annum since this year. This is some 1.2 bcm more than before.
Technological Development for Cleaner and Greener Environment Hydrogen & Bio-Methane
US: AES and Air Products unveil $4bn gigascale Texas green hydrogen plan to fuel big trucks
AES and Air Products unveiled plans for 1.4GW of wind and solar to produce green hydrogen in the state of Texas from what they are billing as the largest such plant in the US.
The two partners – giants of power and industrial gases respectively – aim to bring the facility into service in 2027, with its electrolysers producing more than 200 tonnes of renewable H2 daily.
Air Products will be the sole offtaker of the green H2 under a 30-year contract, with the output targeting what the pair believe will be a buoyant hydrogen market for heavy-duty transportation such as trucking, as well as other applications.
“The new facility in Texas will be, by far, the largest mega-scale clean hydrogen production facility in the US to use wind and sun as energy sources,” said Air Products CEO Seifi Ghasemi.
The pair will run the power generation and electrolysers as a 50/50 joint venture.
The project joins a growing roll call of US green hydrogen projects against the policy backdrop of the Inflation Reduction Act, the milestone climate law signed by Joe Biden this year that offers renewable H2 production tax credits worth up to $3/kg.
Iberdrola-controlled Avangrid and Sempra Infrastructure have announced plans of their own to co-operate on green hydrogen and associated fuels, while Danish renewables group Orsted and shipping giant Maersk want to build a power-to-X plant on the US Gulf Coast.
Most ambitious of all, US start-up Green Hydrogen International (GHI) has announced a 60GW renewable H2 project in a sparsely populated area of South Texas, to be powered by wind and solar, with its own salt cavern for storage and a plan to produce clean rocket fuel for Elon