Industry asks EU to include biogas in new Sustainable Mobility Strategy
Gas Distributors for Sustainability (GD4S), the European Biogas Association (EBA) and NGVA Europe co-signed a joint letter to the Executive Vice President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans, Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson, and Transport Commissioner Adina-Ioana Vălean, to call them to build the upcoming Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy on the complementarity of all renewable fuels, including biomethane, and all relevant engine technologies, to enable a fast, secure and affordable transition supporting the European industries.
Find the letter below:
The European Union is expected to enshrine in the law the goal of climate neutrality in 2050 and a 2030 target of at least 55% greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions reduction compared to 1990 levels. According to the European Commission, this requires a reduction of GHG emissions from transportation of at least 16.3% by 2030 and of 90% by 2050.
Today, transportation accounts for around 25% of the EU’s total GHG emissions and its emissions kept increasing between 2013 and 2017. In Europe, conventional fossil fuels are overwhelmingly predominant on the road, representing more than 96% of light vehicles, 95% of the buses and 99% of trucks. The tendency is still not significantly changing in the heavy-duty segment: in 2019, new vehicle registrations with diesel accounted for 85% of buses and 98% of lorries.
The upcoming Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy is a major opportunity to reverse the trend. To achieve this, we, representatives of the European Biogas Association (EBA), Gas Distributors for Sustainability (GD4S) and NGVA Europe call on the European Commission to build the new Mobility Strategy on the complementarity of all renewable fuels (biomethane, green electricity, green hydrogen and advanced liquid biofuels) and all relevant engine technologies, to enable a fast, secure and affordable transition supporting the European industries. This with a special attention for freight mobility, which represents only 3% of the vehicles but accounts for 25% of the total fossil fuel CO2 emissions of the transport sector.
Natural gas vehicles using CNG or LNG, are an already available cost-effective alternative to conventional fossil fuels. This is particularly true in heavy duty sector, as shows its growing market shares (6% for buses and 2% for trucks). NGVs are cost competitive and offer operational advantages compared to other alternative solutions, such as comfortable driving ranges, fast refueling times. NGVs rely on a mature technology: buses and garbage trucks, for instance, are on the road since the 80’s and many types of gas truck models are available from different manufacturers.
NGVs, combined with biomethane, are a key solution to reduce the climate and environment impacts of transport. Being a pioneer alternative mobility solution to improve air quality, NGVs are now becoming a long-term sustainable option thanks to the development of biomethane. NGVs driving on natural gas achieve already GHG reduction of up to 20% compared to conventional fossil fuels. When blending natural gas with biomethane or using biomethane exclusively, GHG savings can reach 100% and more.
The increasing use of biomethane as a transport fuel is already a reality. On European average, the share is at 17% today and it is rising. In countries like Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands, NGVs use almost exclusively biomethane (shares > 90%). Germany, Finland and the United Kingdom are well above a 50% biomethane share.
Biomethane offers a solution for many players to decarbonize their fleets in a circular economy approach. Numerous municipalities like Paris, Lille, Rome, Turin, Madrid, Stockholm, or Malmö have made that choice for their garbage trucks and public transports. It is also the case of retail companies like Carrefour, Casino, Ikea, Lidl, Tesco. In addition to their economic, operational and climate benefits, biogas vehicles allow to build on circular economy projects.
Supporting gas mobility will reinforce a green recovery as the industry is mostly European. Gas mobility technologies are largely developed and supplied by companies such as Iveco, Scania, Volvo for the heavy-duty segment and FCA and VW Group for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, not to mention special vehicles, like garbage lorries, or gas engines for trains. The industry’s offer covers all segments and types of vehicles.
In 2019, new registrations of gas passenger cars amounted close to 70,000 units, followed by approximately 13,000 heavy duty vehicles (medium-heavy trucks and buses) and more than 4,500 LNG trucks, all these entirely designed and manufactured in Europe.
That is why we want to emphasize that gas mobility is a unique and immediately available environment and climate-friendly solution on the market, especially for trucks and buses requiring adequate range. Companies and cities willing to act now to have a positive impact already in the short term can rely on competitive products that are manufactured in the EU. And gas mobility is here to stay, thanks to increasing development of biomethane, to the benefit of the European automobile industry, agriculture and customers.
Representing the biomethane value chain, we are convinced that gas mobility has a significant role to play in the Strategy for Sustainable and Smart Mobility to be adopted by the European Commission in order to address successfully the challenge of growing GHG emissions in the transport sector.
- A clear political signal at EU level is needed to reassure European industries and consumers that gas mobility is a part of the solution to exit conventional fossil fuels and build a sustainable mobility sector.
- Phasing-out conventional fossil fuels and effective decarbonization as of today must be the drivers of mobility regulation.
- There is no alternative solution to (bio)NGV for immediate decarbonization of long-haul transport at the required speed: gas mobility is an available, affordable and reliable technology as well as sustainable (raw material and recyclability).
- Biomethane has to be able to compete on a level playing field with other solutions. When evaluating the decarbonization potential of different alternative fuels vehicles, a life cycle or well-to-wheel thinking is required for a correct comparison reflecting the real impact. Vehicles manufacturers must be able to take into account GHG reduction through the use of biomethane in gas vehicles in the context of the CO2 standards for vehicles, in order to have an incentive to put more gas vehicles on the market.
- Innovation in the gas mobility is promising but requires clear market perspectives.